- 1 Get an idea of some tips related to type 1 diabetes
- 2 Diabetes mellitus: An overview
Type1 diabetes is known to be an autoimmune condition that takes place when the body by mistake attacks cells present in the pancreas and responsible for making insulin. A person suffering from type 1diabetes stops to produce insulin. A buildup of glucose occurs in the bloodstream and glucose does not reach the cells. This condition is known as high blood sugar and if untreated can cause death or coma. There are some tips that you can follow if you are suffering from type1 diabetes to keep it under control and manage other health issues.
What is the diet that you must follow during type 1 diabetes?
The blood sugar level will rise and falls on the basis of the types of food you are eating. Foods containing sugar or starch will rapidly cause a rise in the blood sugar levels. A gradual increase will be caused by protein as well as fat. Your doctor may suggest that you start limiting the carbohydrate amount that you consume daily. A balance should be brought in the intake of carb with the help of insulin doses. Start working with a dietician who will aid you in designing a proper meal plan for diabetes. If you get the correct balance of protein, carbs along with fat, it will aid you in controlling your blood sugar.
If you eat healthy, then you will be able to manage diabetes. Sometime, if you bring a change in your diet, you can easily control it. The foods that you must include in your diet during type1 diabetes must be complex carbohydrates like:
- Brown rice
- Whole wheat
There are some foods that you must strictly avoid if you suffer from type1 diabetes:
- Simple carbohydrates such as processed and refined sugars. For ex: cookies, pastries, pastas, white bread and chips.
- Trans and high fat animal products.
How can you prevent health complications?
Type 1diabetes will increase the risk associated with several conditions such as:
- Cardiovascular disease: This type of diabetes will be raising the risks associated with heart attack, stroke as well as impaired circulation.
- Neuropathy:If you feel that you are losing limb sensation then it will cause balance problems, lack of awareness at the time of cuts and ulcers developing on your legs and feet.
- Kidney disease:Kidney failure will be caused by diabetic nephropathy.
- Loss of vision: Retina present in the back of your eye can get damaged and this called diabetic retinopathy.
- Unawareness of hypoglycemia: If you suffer often from hypoglycemia, the brain is unable to sense any low blood sugar level. Individuals will not realize that their blood sugar level is low and also will not correct it. Thus it can cause accidents if you are driving with low blood sugar levels.
- Amputation: Improper circulation will make wounds appearing on the legs as well as feet very difficult to get healed. Thus it can make amputation very necessary.
So if you wish to stay ahead of these problems then:
- Become active to manage blood sugar.
- Go for regular medical checkup.
- Have vision and kidney function tests yearly.
- Get your feet checked by your doctor to detect any signs and symptoms of nerve problems one time annually.
- Keep a check on blood sugar often, mostly before you drive to avoid hypoglycemia.
If you maintain a healthier food choice then you can control type 1diabetes very easily. Other than this, daily physical activity will pay off well. You need to understand how physical activity along with a healthy diet can have an effect on your blood sugar and thus take medical help or eat medications as required.
Diabetes mellitus: An overview
Diabetes mellitus which is more common as diabetes is actually a metabolic disease causing high blood sugar. Insulin makes the sugar present in the blood move into the cells that are stored or may be used for some energy. If you have diabetes, then either your body is unable to produce sufficient insulin or cannot successfully make use of the insulin it makes. Any untreated high blood sugar that occurs because of diabetes will be damaging your eyes, nerves, kidneys along with other organs.
What are the different types of diabetes mellitus?
Type 1 diabetes: It is an auto immune disease. The pancreatic cells where insulin is created is attacked and destroyed by the immune system. It is not clear what the exact reason behind this attack is. 10 % of the people suffer from type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes: It will take place when the body gets resistant to insulin as well as sugar starts to build up in the blood.
Prediabetes: If the blood sugar level becomes higher than the normal level but is not that high to go for a type 2 diabetes diagnosis, then prediabetes occurs.
Gestational diabetes: When a pregnant woman has high blood sugar then gestational diabetes occurs. It is caused by insulin-blocking hormones that are produced by placenta.
What are the causes of diabetes mellitus?
There are different causes behind each type of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes: Doctors are not aware of what exactly causes it. Genes can play a main role in some people who are affected by type 1 diabetes. It can also be possible that some virus initiates the immune system attack.
Type 2 diabetes: Genetics along with lifestyle factors are responsible for it. If you are overweight then you are at a high risk of getting affected by type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes: As a result of hormonal changes during pregnancy this type of diabetes affects women. Overweight women or women who gain a lot of weight during pregnancy will suffer from it.
What are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus?
Each of the diabetes comes with unique symptoms. But the common symptoms of diabetes are:
- Increased thirst and hunger
- Loss of weight
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Too much fatigue
- Sores that never heal easily
Apart from these common symptoms, if a man suffers from diabetes, his sexual urge will decrease, erectile dysfunction will occur and his muscle strength will become poor. On the other hand, a woman who has diabetes will also have some additional symptoms like dry and itchy skin, infections in urinary tract and yeast infections.
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are:
- Too much hunger and thirst
- Unintentional loss of weight
- Blurred vision
- Frequent urination
- Mood swings
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:
- Increased urination along with thirst and hunger
- Blurring of vision
- Sores healing slowly
- Recurring infections
Most of the women who suffer from gestational diabetes will experience no symptoms. It gets detected at the time of a regular blood sugar test. It may also get detected if an oral glucose tolerance test is conducted between 24th as well as 28th gestation weeks. Rarely a woman who has gestational diabetes will face any increased thirst and frequent urination.
The symptoms of diabetes will be so mild that they will be very difficult to spot initially.
So if you suffer from any symptoms related to diabetes mellitus, you should immediately get medical help. Also eat healthy foods, become physically active and lose your extra pounds to prevent it from occurring.