Diabetes mellitus: An overview

Diabetes mellitus which is more common as diabetes is actually a metabolic disease causing high blood sugar. Insulin makes the sugar present in the blood move into the cells that are stored or may be used for some energy. If you have diabetes, then either your body is unable to produce sufficient insulin or cannot successfully make use of the insulin it makes. Any untreated high blood sugar that occurs because of diabetes will be damaging your eyes, nerves, kidneys along with other organs.

What are the different types of diabetes mellitus?

Type 1 diabetes: It is an auto immune disease. The pancreatic cells where insulin is created is attacked and destroyed by the immune system. It is not clear what the exact reason behind this attack is. 10 % of the people suffer from type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes: It will take place when the body gets resistant to insulin as well as sugar starts to build up in the blood.

Prediabetes: If the blood sugar level becomes higher than the normal level but is not that high to go for a type 2 diabetes diagnosis, then prediabetes occurs.

Gestational diabetes: When a pregnant woman has high blood sugar then gestational diabetes occurs. It is caused by insulin-blocking hormones that are produced by placenta.

What are the causes of diabetes mellitus?

There are different causes behind each type of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes: Doctors are not aware of what exactly causes it. Genes can play a main role in some people who are affected by type 1 diabetes. It can also be possible that some virus initiates the immune system attack.

Type 2 diabetes: Genetics along with lifestyle factors are responsible for it. If you are overweight then you are at a high risk of getting affected by type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes: As a result of hormonal changes during pregnancy this type of diabetes affects women. Overweight women or women who gain a lot of weight during pregnancy will suffer from it.

What are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

Each of the diabetes comes with unique symptoms. But the common symptoms of diabetes are:

Apart from these common symptoms, if a man suffers from diabetes, his sexual urge will decrease, erectile dysfunction will occur and his muscle strength will become poor. On the other hand, a woman who has diabetes will also have some additional symptoms like dry and itchy skin, infections in urinary tract and yeast infections.

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are:

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:

Most of the women who suffer from gestational diabetes will experience no symptoms. It gets detected at the time of a regular blood sugar test. It may also get detected if an oral glucose tolerance test is conducted between 24th as well as 28th gestation weeks. Rarely a woman who has gestational diabetes will face any increased thirst and frequent urination.

The symptoms of diabetes will be so mild that they will be very difficult to spot initially.

Bottom line

So if you suffer from any symptoms related to diabetes mellitus, you should immediately get medical help. Also eat healthy foods, become physically active and lose your extra pounds to prevent it from occurring.

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